Reading is a foundational, yet complex cognitive skill upon which other skills are built.
Research on the teaching of reading in the early years of school has consistently identified five key components of effective reading programs: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension. This audio paper summarises the research regarding why these five elements are important, as well as how they should be taught in the classroom.
Read by Sally Kohlmayer, CESE.
Read our report on Effective Reading Instruction in the Early Years of School.