Authors: Ian Watkins and Emily Chew
Evaluator company/business: Centre for Education Statistics and Evaluation
Summary: This report investigates the characteristics and post-school pathways of NSW students enrolled in vocational education and training (VET) courses. Quantitative analysis methods were used to estimate the differences in characteristics between secondary students who enrolled in VET and those who did not enrol, and to determine which characteristics predicted secondary enrolment in VET. This report also used quantitative methods to examine the post-school destinations of secondary students enrolled in VET and how they compare to students that did not enrol in VET, and to determine the features of VET delivery that were associated with post-school destinations. The report provides evidence that students with vey low achievement and socioeconomic status (SES) scores are less likely to enrol in VET than similar students with low scores and thus may benefit from further support. The report also finds that students who enrolled in VET were less likely to be not working or studying when compared to similar students who did not enrol in VET, indicating VET may help student's post-school tranisition to work or study.
This report presents the findings of an external review and analysis of relevant recent practices, research and data on the delivery of Vocational Education and Training (VET) to secondary students. The review and analysis were commissioned by the NSW Department of Education and were conducted by the Centre for Vocational and Educational Policy at the University of Melbourne to identify best possible practices and make recommendations for future practice.
• What do the VET programs offered in Australian schools look like?
• Who participates in these VET programs and why?
• What are useful measures of VET program effectiveness?
• What are the strengths and weaknesses of the current VET programs in NSW government schools?
• What recommendations are made for improving VET programs in NSW government schools?
The 2017 post-school destinations and expectations annual report (PDF, 3.3MB) presents key findings from the 2017 survey of secondary students' post-school destinations. Over 6,995 young people shared their experiences with the research team. Surveys were completed by early school leavers and Year 12 completers across government and non-government schools. The report also presents the findings from a longitudinal follow-up with 2,704 students who responded to the survey in 2014 and 3,342 students who responded in 2016.
The 2017 post-school destinations technical report (PDF, 3.5MB) outlines the project background and overview, survey methodology, questionnaire design and data processing undertaken by the Social Research Council (SRC) to produce the annual report. It also includes materials used by SRC to undertake the project.
The post-school destinations report provides information about:
• post-school education pathways, attainments and destinations of young people in NSW
• factors that drive engagement, retention, education achievement and pathway choices for young people in NSW
• findings from longitudinal follow-ups with students who responded to surveys in 2014 and 2016, and Year 10 students in 2017.
Over 13,000 early school leavers and Year 12 completers across government and non-government schools completed surveys in 2017.
The NSW Department of Education and NSW Skills Board have collaborated on the annual survey since 2014.
Further education and training was the most common post-school destination
The majority of Year 12 completers (69.9%) and early school leavers (55.4%) were in some form of education and training six months after leaving school. However, the proportion of Year 12 completers entering some form of education and training has continued to decline since peaking in 2015, and the proportion of Year 12 completers and early school leavers entering VET also decreased in 2017.
Post-school destinations differ between Year 12 completers and early school leavers
The main post-school destination among Year 12 completers continued to be a Bachelor degree (50.1%), however Year 12 completers identifying as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander had lower rates of entering a Bachelor degree (23.9%) than other Year 12 completers. The main post-school destination for early school leavers continued to be an apprenticeship (30.0%).
Reasons for leaving school early varied
The most common self-reported reasons for leaving school early continue to relate to wanting to pursue employment and career opportunities, school ‘not being for them’ and not liking school or teachers. Less frequently cited reasons included not coping at school or failing subjects, finding school boring, wanting to study elsewhere, ill-health and being bullied.
A series of summary tables (PDF, 114kb) on government-funded Vocational Education and Training (VET) students in NSW from 2012-2016.
The post-school destinations and expectation report (PDF, 2MB) presents key findings from the 2016 survey of secondary students' post-school destinations. Over 11,400 young people shared their experiences with the research team. Surveys were completed by early school leavers and year 12 completers across government and non-government schools. The report also presents the findings from a longitudinal follow-up with 4,430 students who responded to the survey in 2014.
This second edition of the biennial State of Education in NSW 2016 report (PDF, 2MB) brings together a wealth of data, information and commentary across the whole education spectrum in NSW.
The report provides a recap of policy context, and covers outcomes in early childhood education, school education, vocational education and training and higher education for both government and non-government service providers. For each of the four sectors, the report highlights what is going well and where there is room for improvement.
Visit the 2016 State of Education website for an interactive view of the report's main highlights.
The Apprentices and trainees bulletin (PDF, 830kB) summarises information about the apprentices and trainees who are in training, commencing or completing a program of training. It provides information about the age and gender of trainees, their mode of study and the occupation and qualification they seek. This report includes VET delivered to school students by TAFE but excludes VET delivered to school students by school Registered Training Organisations as part of a VET in Schools program.
The 2013 VET students bulletin (PDF, 1MB) summarises information on the students participating in Vocational Education and Training (VET) in NSW, how they are undertaking their studies, what they are studying and the qualifications they seek. This report includes VET delivered to school students by TAFE but excludes those delivered by registered training organisations as part of a VET in Schools program.
This inaugural edition of the biennial 2014 State of Education report (PDF, 4MB) brings together a wealth of data, information and commentary about the full spectrum of education in NSW. It reports on activities and outcomes in early childhood education, school education, vocational education and training and higher education. It acknowledges and reports on the complex mix of government and non-government educational service providers in all four of these sectors.